What Is the World’s Southernmost National Capital?

While Wellington is by far the southernmost capital, there are several more national capitals that are at a very similar latitude.

The world’s southernmost national capital is Wellington of New Zealand which is at 41°17′20″ South. The second is its neighbor Canberra in Australia which is at 35°17′35″ South, and the third is Montevideo in Uruguay which is at 34°53′1″ South.

But see also Buenos Aires at 34°36′12″ South, and Santiago de Chile at 33°27′00″ South.

Wellington position and basic information

You have already seen its coordinate in the south, but the map below will show you where exactly it is located. So zoom in or out as you wish. As you will see, it is on the North Island of New Zealand, but it is on its south side.

The presence of European in the city area starts in 1839 when Colonel William Wakefield arrived to purchase land for the New Zealand Company. They were selling land to the first 150 settlers that came in 1840.

Obviously, its present name is from Europeans, but its earliest known name derived from Māori legend is Te Upoko o te Ika a Maui. This should mean something like ‘the head of Maui’s fish’.

Wellington was declared a city in 1840, and was chosen to be the capital city of New Zealand in 1865. This is a relatively small capital, the current population is above 200000 but still well below 300000.

This city has a great page on Wikipedia which I warmly recommend if you want to find more details.


What type of climate is Wellington New Zealand?

The city has more than 2000 hours of sunshine per year and the climate is moderate year round. So think about warm summers and mild winters. City temperature is mostly in the range 23 °C (73 °F) and 4 °C (39 °F).

The wettest months are June and July, it is wetter than Christchurch and cooler than than Auckland. This is a windy place, just to know if you dislike winds. It is described by some as Windy Wellington.

Does it snow in Wellington NZ?

In general, snow is exceptionally rare in Wellington. This is because of the climate affected by the sea. The coldest month in Wellington is July, but the cooler period is from June to September.

Is Wellington a good place to live?

I guess it depends on what you mean by good. My daughter was visiting it once and was impressed with the city but she was saying she would not want to live there.

From the information in one source, I read that it ranks as one of the most livable cities in the world. Apparently, it is ranked number 7 among the safest cities in the world.

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